A key aspect of any approach to futures trading is trend analysis. Being able to identify when a directional move in price is gaining steam or nearing exhaustion is a valuable skill for active traders. This is one area where technical analysis can be extremely valuable ― identifying and trading trending markets.
Two popular tools for trend study are the death cross and golden cross. Each is a confluence of moving averages, with the product signaling a possible market move. If you’ve casually heard the terms and aren’t overly familiar with their meanings, let’s take a closer look at them.
Pending Doom: The Death Cross
One of the quirks of technical analysis is the names of the indicators. Doji, evening star, Fibonacci retracements, and Gann Fans are a few of the more memorable. However, each pales in comparison to the ominous sounding death cross.
The death cross is a bearish chart pattern that indicates a major downturn or sell-off may be in the offing. It occurs when a security’s short-term moving average crosses below its long-term moving average. This technical event tells us two primary things:
- Short-term bullish momentum is becoming exhausted
- Negative sentiment is entering the market, attracting sellers
Moving averages included in the death cross may vary according to the market and timeframe being traded. Among the most common are the 50- and 200-day moving averages, used specifically to monitor equities, currencies, and indices.
The death cross resembles an “X” on pricing charts and has coincided with some of the most famous bear markets in history. Its mere appearance prompts media types and seasoned investors to warn of pending doom. Of course, like any other technical indicator, the death cross is fallible and best viewed within the context of a comprehensive strategy.
Blue Skies Ahead: The Golden Cross
If you haven’t guessed by now, the golden cross is essentially the inverse of a death cross. It occurs when a security’s short-term moving average crosses above its long-term counterpart. Accordingly, a golden cross is a bullish indicator, and it’s frequently cited as being prima facie evidence of forthcoming strength in security pricing.
The golden cross forms as a result of a market bottoming out before posting a substantial rally. Given this scenario, the pattern furnishes technicians with a few pieces of vital information:
- Short-term selling pressure has resided
- An intermediate-term bottom may have already set up
- The presence of a bullish trend has been confirmed
As in the death cross, equities analysts frequently use the golden cross to identify potential uptrends in asset pricing. Once again, the 50- and 200-day moving averages are commonly referenced, but periodicity may vary according to time frame and market.
Applying the Golden and Death Crosses to Futures Trading
Although the death and golden cross patterns are typically used to evaluate stocks, traders may apply them to futures trading. In fact, many active traders use them to monitor index futures products, such as the E-mini S&P 500, E-mini DOW, and USD Index. They do this for several reasons:
- Macro trend confirmation: Confirmation of long-term trends in the S&P 500, DJIA, and USD readily translate to index futures pricing. If a prolonged bullish or bearish trend can be spotted ahead of time, then a trader can employ trend-following strategies for futures.
- Hedging: Futures are extremely useful in hedging risk. The presence of a golden or death cross can prompt the opening of an opposing position(s) in related futures markets. The result is added portfolio protection and a viable way of managing risk.
- Position management: The decision to hold an active long or short position in a futures market can be influenced by death and golden cross patterns emerging. In the case of the golden cross, short positions may be exited while long positions are let run. Conversely, the death cross may be ample motivation for taking profits or putting on a new short position.
For more information on technical analysis and how it applies to futures trading, check out the Daniels Trading e-book 10 Rules For Technical Futures Trading. Learn how to read charts, recognize patterns, and decipher market entry/exit to optimize your shot at profitability.